Monday, November 21, 2011

Happy Thanksgiving




The Mayflower dropped anchor at Provincetown, MA


21 November, 1620


Did you know these facts?

102 passengers

65 day journey

The English ship "The Mayflower" was built to transport wine.

37 from Leiden Congregation

William Bradford referred to the Leiden Separatists as "Pilgrims"

2 people died on the trip

Oceanus Hopkins was born at sea

Peregrine White was born when they were off Cape Cod

John Carver was elected First Governor by the pilgrims

Stephen Hopkins was elected Assistant Governor

(Pilgrims reached Plymouth, MA 26 December, 1620)


Mayflower Compact
 "plantation covenant" formed after Separatist Church convenant.
(Signed
on board the Mayflower)


This agreement was written because the English Separatists,

Puritan Pilgrims believed that some of the non-Separatists, or "Strangers,"

would defy them if they landed in a place other than the land grant they had received

from the London Company. (Their grant was in Virginia.)

The compact became the basis of government in the Plymouth Colony.

In the name of God, Amen. We, whose names are
underwritten, the Loyal Subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord, King James,
by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France and Ireland,
King, Defender of the Faith, &c. Having undertaken for the Glory of God, and Advancement of the Christian Faith, and the Honour of our King and Country, a voyage to plant the first
colony in the northern Parts of Virginia; do by these Presents, solemnly and
mutually in the Presence of God and one of another, convenant and combine
ourselves together into a civil Body Politick, for our better Ordering and
Preservation, and Furtherance of the Ends aforesaid; And by Virtue hereof to
enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts,
Constitutions and Offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and
convenient for the General good of the Colony; unto which we promise all due
Submission and Obedience.
IN WITNESS whereof we have hereunto subscibed our names at Cape Cod
the eleventh of November, in the Reign of our Sovereign Lord, King
James of England, France and Ireland, the eighteenth, and
of Scotland the fifty-fourth. Anno Domini, 1620.



Mr. John Carver
Mr.William Bradford
Mr. Stephen Hopkins
Digery Priest
Mr. Edward Winslow
Mr. William Brewster (church leader)
Isaac Allerton
Miles Standish (a professional soldier)
John Alden (a cooper)
John Turner
Francis Eaton
james Chilton
John Craxton
John Billington
Joses Fletcher
John Goodman
Mr. Samuel Fuller
Mr. Christopher Martin
Mr. William Mullins
Mr. William White
Mr. Richard Warren
John Howland
Thomas Williams
Gilbert Winslow
Edmund Margesson
Peter Brown (a carpenter)
Richard Bitteridge
George Soule
Edward Tilly
John Tilly
Francis Cooke
Thomas Rodgers
Thomas Tinker
John Ridgate
Edward Fuller
Richard Clark
Richard Gardiner
Mr. John Allerton
Thomas English
Edward Doten
Edward Lieste
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Unedited original version:
In ye name of God Amen· We whose names are vnderwriten, the
loyall subjects of our dread soueraigne Lord King James by ye
grace of God, of great Britaine, franc, & Ireland king, defender of
ye faith, &c Haueing vndertaken, for ye glorie of God, and aduancemente of
ye christian ^faith and honour of our king
& countrie, a voyage to plant ye first colonie in
ye Northerne parts of Virginia· doe by these presents solemnly
& mutualy in ye presence of God, and one of another,
couenant, & combine our selues togeather into a ciuill body politick;
for ye our better ordering, & preseruation &
fur=therance of ye ends aforesaid; and by vertue hearof, to
enacte, constitute, and frame shuch just & equall lawes, ordinances,
Acts, constitutions, & offices, from time to time, as shall be thought
most meete & conuenient for ye generall good of ye
colonie: vnto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In witnes
wherof we haue herevnder subscribed our names at Cap=Codd ye
·11· of Nouember, in ye year of ye raigne of our
soueraigne Lord king James of England, france, & Ireland ye
eighteenth and of Scotland ye fiftie fourth. Ano: Dom
·1620·

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