|HAPPY THANKSGIVING |
Friday, November 22, 2013
Wednesday, November 13, 2013
|Tioga River Flats|
From --NYS Annual Report of Department of Agriculture 1916 -
23rd year ending September 30,1915 Part II Vol.2
Town of Lindley
No 1136-Farm of 307 Acres; located 1/2 mile from Lindley P.O. R.D. No.2, and railway station on line of N.Y.C. R.R.; 1/2 mile from school and churches ;1/2 mile from cheese factory ; 2 miles from milk station and condensing plant . Nearest city, Corning ,population 13,730,12 miles distant, reached by rail or good highway. General surface of farm ,70 acres of good river flats ,remainder rolling. Altitude 1,029 feet. nature of soil, sandy loam .Acres in meadow, 45; in pasture, 200; in timber, 60; oak and pine, estimated at 200,000 feet. Acres tillable 150. Fruit,10 apple trees. Best adapted to tobacco, alfalfa, hay, corn, oats, potatoes and wheat. Fences ,wire and board, in good condition. House 12 rooms, fair condition. Outbuildings: 2 basement barns, 36x38; 2 tobacco sheds, 28x64; 1 horse barn, 32x32; 1 cow barn, 28x80; 1 corn crib, 24x32. House and barns are watered by running water; fields by creek. Occupied by owner. Reason for selling, ill health. Price $10,000.Terms, $2000 cash, balance to suit purchaser. Address- Alexander Brown ,owner, Lindley, N.Y. Owner will rent on shares or with option to buy.
Wetlands on Lindley Road
There were 3 other farms listed in this report - all in about the same general area.
Note the cost, the number of buildings, the variety of possible farm crops and the associated businesses.
There have been many changes in these 98 years,
but fortunately the rural atmosphere still prevails.
Sunday, November 10, 2013
Ruptured Duck (Honorable Discharge) References
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"Ruptured Duck" Lapel Pin
(This Information Site is Continually Updated.)
- The "Ruptured Duck" applies only to the WW2 era.
Not true. Actually, the plan for a multi-service branch, universal Honorable Discharge Lapel patch originated in 1919 at the close of WWI. The purpose of the patch, and later pin, was to permit Honorably Discharged military personnel to wear their uniform for a period of time after they left military service due to their inability to afford civilian clothes, while at the same time identify themselves as no longer active duty personnel. The pin version of the patch was intended to permit civilian dressed, Honorable Discharged personnel to identify their former military status easily when applying for work or veteran's benefits. The patch and pin were also intended to replace and supersede all previous Honorable Discharge devices. Neither the patch nor pin were put into production until years later.
- The "Ruptured Duck" ended with WW2.
Not true. The Ruptured Duck is a permanent 'hardware' device with no expiration date. It has replaced all previously issued Honorable Discharge lapel pins.
- The "Ruptured Duck" is not the only Honorable Discharge lapel pin. The Navy, Coast Guard and Army have their own Honorable Discharge pins today.
Not true. The Ruptured Duck is the only official all-branch "Honorable Discharge" lapel pin. The current Army, Coast Guard and Navy pins sometimes issued to Retirees are "Honorable Service" pins that are authorized principally to age and medical retirees. The military definitions of "Discharge" and "Service" are not to be confused as meaning the same.
- The "Ruptured Duck" is no longer distributed by the military.
True and Not true. Although there is no regulation that requires any branch of the US military to issue any military award 'hardware' item, just as all military medals, badges and other 'hardware' items, the Ruptured Duck is still purchasable in US military Post and Base Exchanges and continues to be manufactured by official US military medal suppliers.
- The design of the Ruptured Duck is not the original design
True. The original design conceived in 1919 bore the flat image of an eagle as depicted in the Presidential Seal. The image was changed in May, 1943 after the Washington Conference (code named The Trident Conference) between Roosevelt and Churchill to depict an eagle appearing to initiate flight (The Eagle Has Flown). This image was intended to coincide with the timing of the first major Allied Offensives against the Axis Powers in the Pacific and Atlantic.
- To this day it still remains commonly stated by many since 1944 that "No one knows how the Ruptured Duck got its name but for many decades it was said that the Duck gots its (nick)name from the unknown wife of an unknown Army Air Corps airman who mockingly told her husband that the spread-eagled figured looked more like a "ruptured duck" than an eagle taking flight or fanning its wings."
Not true. This myth was intentionally created by Louis B. Mayer of Hollywood fame. Mr. Mayer spent hundreds of thousands of dollars spreading this myth to save the movie career of one of his most famous actresses, Hedy Lamarr, who had recently escaped from Nazi Germany. Ms. Lamarr had been married to Friedrich Mandl who owned a network of arms factories controlled by the Krupp Family. Ms. Lamarr gained infamy in Germany not because of her nude acting, which her husband opposed, but because it was confirmed that it was she and not her husband who came up with revolutionary ideas to improve weapons design and production in the Mandl section of the Krupp Arms works. It is believed that her husband conspired to kill his wife after having been humiliatingly confronted by others in his elite circle of Nazi megalomaniacs that his wife was fully known by all to be the originator and owner of his military enhancements. But learning about his murder plans Ms. Lamarr, along with her maid who were both inspired by their mutually adored Jewish heroine, Judith, drugged her husband and fled Germany. Upon eventually arriving in the US from her long escape route from Europe with the aid of a Jewish "Underground Railroad" stretching from Germany to the US, Ms. Lamarr was quoted as saying that her terrible and hazardous flight originated -- in the actresses words -- on a 'broken bird'... ("segeltuch gebrochen"). In English, the German "segeltuch gebrochen" spoken by Ms. Hedy Lamarr translates to "Ruptured Duck". The term was picked up immediately by the movie-star crazed female employees of the manufacturing plant that produced the "Duck" and labeled their shipping boxes "Ruptured Ducks", partly in commemoration of Ms. Lamarr's heroic flight, but mostly because it was common practice -- if not required policy -- during WW2 to label shipments destined for the war theater differently than their true contents so as to not inform enemy agents about the actual contents. The term "Ruptured Duck" had forever caught on as the Honorable Discharge Lapel pin's nickname... thanks to Hedy Lamarr.
However, in 1944 Army Chief of Staff George C. Marshall issued classified Special Order #131 directing that all historical information contained in any medium, "... paper, microfilm, acetate, film, etc..." on the Honorable Discharge Lapel Pin, "...commonly referred to as 'The Ruptured Duck'... currently residing in any command will be immediately destroyed. General Marshall's order was intended to prevent "...possible serious and severe reduction in troop morale"... should the continued use of what he considered a ...disparaging term...", "Ruptured", be applied to the Honorable Discharge lapel pin. Within a month virtually every military document providing the history of the Ruptured Duck virtually disappeared. Within a year the common statement as to the origin of the Ruptured Duck was replied with "nobody knows".
It would be another fifty-one years (during the massive declassification of wartime records ordered by President Bill Clinton for POW research) before declassified reports revealed the reason for General Marshall's well-founded reason for killing off the history of the Ruptured Duck since he realized it was impossible to eradicate its name, for fear that "...possible serious and severe reduction in troop morale"... could result if it were disclosed that the top Secret code name of one the highest United States military officers was "Duckpin". The codename "Duckpin" was assigned to the four star, soon five star, general whose singular being required the highest level of confidence of all those he commanded. The General codenamed "Duckpin" (in 1942) was Dwight David Eisenhower.
NOTE: Codenames for others were: Chiang kai-Chek, "Peanut"; Josef Stalin, "Glyptic"; FD Roosevelt, "Victor"; Winston Churchill, "Former Naval Person".
- Only Honorable Discharge personnel can own the RD.
Not true. Individuals who received an Honorable Discharge during a previous enlistment cylce, but later received a less than Honorable Discharge after a subsequent cycle are still permitted to possess their original Ruptured Duck eligibility for that previous cyle only, and are prohibited by law from disguising, misrepresenting or assert Honorable Discharge as their final discharge status.
- A serviceperson may acquire and wear or display as many RD's as the number of Honorable Dscharge's he received for each re-enlistment period.
Not true. An recipient is eligible for only one Ruptured Duck regardless of the number of times he received an Honorable Discharge upon re-enlistment.